Health and medicine
Nanotechnology can be used in many aspects of medicine. New nanostructures are being studied as a new class of drugs to target cancer cells. Nanotechnology may be used in future vaccines. For more info about nanotechnology in medicine, read our Nanotechnology and Health fact sheet.
Nanotechnology is providing new tools to purify water and monitor water safety. This can improve access to clean and safe water, particularly in rural communities.
Nanotechnology can contribute towards energy technologies, especially in the development of solar photovoltaic cells (for solar panels), the hydrogen economy and more efficient conventional energy production and consumption.
Nanotechnology may provide ways to clean toxic waste and to purify the air. It has the potential to play a big role in environmental sustainability.
Nanomaterials can be used to produce less expensive and more durable building materials, for example to build cheaper housing for poor communities.